Aug 29, 2014

Neglected double stoppings (1st Suite: Prélude)

  

1st Suite  in G major  BWV 1007

 

Prélude


It is the greatest mystery of Bach's Cello Suites:
"Why did no cellist play them in double stopping for 200 years, from Dotzauer to our days ?"

From bar 33, 3rd beat to bar 36, 2nd beat: All the four manuscript copies show that the a notes must be played in double stopping because they have double stem. Especially at the beginning (bar 33, 3rd beat), 3 notes must be played in double stopping consecutively.

   Kellner:


   Anna Magdalena Bach (AMB):


   Source C:


   Source D:


But Dotzauer published his edition in 1826 as follows. 


It is a complete misunderstanding but all the editions of 19th and 20th century such as Bach-Gesellschaft-Ausgabe, Wenzinger and even New Bach Edition (Hans Eppstein/1988) followed it until Werner Icking's edition appears in 1997 (!!!).

    Icking:


However, AMB's copy was published by Diran Alexanian in 1929. Since then, more than 80 years already passed. Why don't we yet play them in double stopping?

   Fingering suggestion:


If you are still doubtful about double stopping, Bach himself will answer to your question in his famous "Chaconne" for violin solo (BWV 1004).

From bar 173: I suppose there is no violinist who doesn't play the sixteenth notes in double stopping because they have double stem.

   J.S. Bach's autograph:
 

And if Bach wanted single stopping, he would write them like from bar 229.  It is just the same manner as Dotzauer !


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